Keeping your silver maple healthy and protected helps ensure any shedding bark merely adds to your tree's ornamental appeal. That rapid growth contributes to silver maple's exfoliating bark. The silver maple is an ornamental tree, that is preferred for its fast growth rate and adaptability to urban conditions. I pulled the loose section off, down to a firmer section. It grows to 18 metres (60 feet)—higher under favourable conditions—with a short, stout trunk and Maple trees hold the wisdom of balance, promise, love, longevity, money, and practical magick. The fast-growing silver maple can quickly became a high-maintenance nuisance for owners of homes and businesses. No worries there! What Kind of Bark Does a Persimmon Tree Have? Figure 1. The tree remains protected by healthy inner layers, while long strips of silvery outer bark shed and reveal reddish brown bark beneath. I planted a Silver Maple away from my well, septic system, and house, but it is close to the pipe that comes from the well into the house. The dense foliage that provides shade in the hot summer months demands late fall raking clean-up. These cankers can become slimy after rain or dew. Here are a few reasons why silver maples can often be a nuisance: This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. There you should be able to find those varieties that are mature and ready for your yard. It's is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown. For example, the autumn blaze maple tree is a hybrid of a red maple and a silver maple, and will have characteristics of each parent. Other Important Facts: The Norway Maple is imported from Europe. The branches and trunk commonly fork and require careful pruning. Whitewashing acts as a sunscreen until the canopy matures enough to do the work. Verticillium Wilt. Never remove more than 20 percent of the canopy at any time. The tree is over 30 years old and appears healthy. Question: What is the life span of a silver maple? Shredded leaves is amazing fertility for the soil. Adverse conditions can cause a maple tree so much stress that it no longer thrives. Birch, silver maple, and sycamore trees shed bark as a kind of charming eccentricity. How should I loosen the dirt is this all roots? Silver maple is also called soft maple because of the relative weakness of its wood. She is passionate about reshaping the way people experience gardens and gardening. The silver maple tree is the fastest growing type of maple, making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. The silvery appearance of the leaves is very apparent during a moderate wind. Silver maple leaves and bark Silver Maple Acer saccharinum (dasycarpum) The silver or soft maple is most common on moist land and along streams. It tolerates pollution well, making it a favorite urban tree… Also the Red Maple has a bitter sap as compared to the Sugar Maple. It holds its leaves longer than most other trees. It appears my silver maple has a strong odor like cat urine - normal??? As long as there’s healthy bark underneath the peeling layers, your tree is OK. Ruby Horse Chestnut: The bark of this tree is dark greenish-grey and it is smooth to touch. The Silver Maple is a rapidly growing tree and, like the Red Maple, is able to thrive in a wide variety of soils and climates. Hansen's work appears regularly in consumer and trade publications, as well as numerous internet gardening and lifestyle channels. This species has become over planted. Jolene Hansen is a lifelong gardening enthusiast and former horticulture professional. The tree was infected by Phytophthora cactorum. Maple trees can decline for a variety of reasons. The grayish-black bark is furrowed with shallow, narrow ridges forming a regular diamond pattern. Regarding leaves being a burden, mow them into your grass. Downed branches are common and a regular chore to dispose of. Use only white interior latex paint, mixed with equal parts of water. Since both the silver maple tree and red maple tree are common landscaping trees probably the best place to buy them would be your local nursery. It's similar to a balloon, which can only take so much internal pressure before something gives. It is one of the most common trees in the United States.. Silver maples (Acer saccharinum) is the only maple with peeling bark. Cankers can be found up to 8 feet above the soil line. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Maple -- Acer spp. The seeds of silver maple are the largest of any native maple and are a food source for variety of birds and small mammals, including evening grosbeaks, finches, wild turkeys, ducks, squirrels and chipmunks. I have a silver maple, and I am so unhappy with it. Is this a problem? Deer and rabbits browse on the foliage, and the bark is sometimes consumed by beavers. It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. The leaves themselves are silvery white on the bottom, which is where the tree gets its name. Silver maple bark, fruit, leaf, and twig. I removed the wooden timbers and noticed the dirt around the tree is very hard and is about 14 inches thick. Silver maples grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, and do best in full to part sun with acidic soil kept consistently moist -- even wet. bleeding area is the location where bark is cankered. My silver maple tree had a landscape timber box around the base with a ground cover planted in it for about 8 years. The root system of the tree grows shallow and will result in an uneven lawn. Fungal pathogens are opportunistic microorganisms that cannot easily penetrate a tree’s outer bark. It generally grows 50 to 80 feet tall, though a 10-year-old sapling will stand approximately 25 feet tall. Green arrow indicates Cal Poly San Luis Obispo Urban Forest Ecosystems Institute: Silver Maple: Acer Saccharinum. Its primary favorable characteristics—shade and fast growth—lend themselves to future problems with this species. Name: Acer pectinatum Forrestii The silver maple and red maple are hardy, deciduous trees that grow in a wide range of soil types in the Eastern U.S. and Southeast Canada. Unless your silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is young or recently injured, don't be worried about its peeling bark. The large, rounded seeds are also eaten by squirrels during early spring when other food sources are sparse. Without proper and frequent pruning high winds and ice can cause limbs to break. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. Bark: On young trees the bark can appear to be light brown and smooth. The Maple tree was of importance to the Algonquian tribes of the north-western United States and western Canada, who developed the art of processing Maple sap into Maple sugar, Maple syrup, and taffy candy. Extra protection is welcome when your young tree has a southern or southwestern exposure, or recent pruning leaves a tree's bark exposed. Never use enamel or exterior paint, even latex, or your well-intentioned efforts can cause irreversible damage to your silver maple tree. The New Sunset Western Garden Book; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, Editor. Many ants surround the tree and yellow jackets were attracted to the area until I sprayed and removed the wood. It is commonly used for shade, but careful planning and estimation should be used when planting near homes or other permanent structures. Keeping your silver maple in optimal health helps prevent unnatural peeling. Here is a brief overview about this tree and its uses. Silver maple is native throughout Iowa. Q.I have a silver maple tree. Silver Maples can be identified based on the following characteristics: The black pustules eventually grow together as the fungus spreads and forms a solid black layer over the bark's surface. While shedding is a natural process for a healthy silver maple, injuries can cause splitting and premature peeling of bark. As the tree matures, however, the trunk bark becomes rough and has a shaggy appearance. As the trees get older the bark gets darker and rougher. Most maple are susceptible, but urban trees need special care to prevent stress factors that cause decline. Your tree is not a silver maple, which has distinctive silvery leaf backs. The leaves of the silver maple resemble the five-pointed leaves of other maples. Speckled Alder: A Speckled Alder tree has a grey bark … Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps 130-150 years. Permanent dark staining is seen when the bleeding sap dries. Nectria cinnabarina canker This maple tree disease can be identified by its pink and black cankers on the bark and typically affects parts of the trunk that were weak or dead. While it can be an excellent tree for landscaping, it also presents some undesirable characteristics. Growth Rate This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. The lack of branch strength results from silver maple's rapid growth rate. Silver Maple Tree. Like a crab shedding its too-tight shell, a tree must shed its old bark ‘shell’ to make room for the new, larger tree … Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Great care is required when mowing the grass lawn growing at the base of the silver maple, as mower blades will likely strike the protruding roots. Answer: The life span of a silver maple will possibly surprise you! The fungus takes control of the tree when the tree suffers ongoing weakness brought on from maple tree decline. It can recover from flooding and does well in poor, rocky soils. This maple tree loves full-sun, and even partial-shade conditions. Silver Maple: You can tell you’re gazing at a Silver Maple tree when you see a gray-brown bark, slit. It transplants easily when small and is ideally suited for growing in a nursery. Mature silver maples naturally shed their bark, a process many people find attractive. The seeds grow in a pair of "wings." The silver maple grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. But if you see these other signs, your tree needs a bit more help: The Bark Is Splitting on My Autumn Blaze Maple Tree. The outer layers eventually stop actively growing. It can be found on stream banks and floodplains and is a common component of the bottomland forests. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Whitewashing Trunks, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: Shedding Bark. The faster trees grow, the weaker their structure. Native to eastern North America, it is widely cultivated elsewhere. At first, it is smooth but as it ages, it develops longish grooves. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. The tendency for silver maples to develop trunk cavities leads them to be a common shelter and breeding si… Maples, Silver Maple Tree Trunk Showing Bark of the Silver Maple Tree, we have many Images of Maple Trees Moisture keeps silver maples healthy and hydrated during temperature extremes, and helps prevent sunscald from leaving young bark split and peeling away from wounds. This pipe is buried six feet down. The tree remains protected by healthy inner layers, while long strips of silvery outer bark shed and reveal reddish brown bark beneath. Named for its unique, striped bark, snakebark maple is a relatively compact type of maple tree, making it a great choice for small backyards. Sometimes a maple or other hardwoods can drop bark. The tree requires ample lighting but provides excellent shade as the leaves grow densely. The silver maple tree is the fastest growing type of maple, making it ideal for planting in landscaping projects. Looking at the leaf and bark will usually give you a good indication of at least part of the parent stock, from which you can consult other … I can tell from the leaves on the ground it is not a silver maple. As young silver maples mature, their thin, smooth bark thickens. A fungal infection of the soil that penetrates a tree’s roots, verticillium wilt takes … Dark brown bleeding sap seen dripping down the trunk surface of a silver maple tree. ), oak, or pine tree, it’s probably just growing. Maple Decline Information. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. Did some research, and was told to give it fertilizer, which I did, and the leaves are worse than ever. Occasionally, this fungus will also appear as red balls on the bark of the maple tree. The trees have small leaves not big like Norway maples and they do not appear to be very healthy. Read on for information about maple tree decline treatment. Like all maple trees, it has a five-pointed leaf and produces a prolific amount of seeds in the early spring. But if that breeze picks up to a forceful wind, the tree's weak branches and twigs often come tumbling down. It transplants easily and grows most rapidly in a moist area, often in wet areas where nothing else, save a willow, will grow. The fungal disease causes black fruiting structures to cover the tree's bark. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. Given a gentle breeze, the silvery undersides of silver maple leaves shimmer in sunlight with lovely effect. Growing up to 36 inches per year, silver maples approach heights of 100 feet and have 50-foot spreads. They can be distinguished by differences in their size, leaves, fruits, bark and fall color. The bark is smooth on the branches and younger trees. As the tree matures, however, the trunk bark becomes rough and has a shaggy appearance. The silver maple (acer saccarinum) is a fast-growing, hardy tree that can grow as tall as 100 feet. The tree is easily damaged on windy days and does not fare well in heavy snow or when coated in ice by freezing rain. Last fall, a section of bark loosened and fell away from the trunk. Silver Maple tree identification. In the case of healthy bark, only the outermost layer splits. These splits can be as much as … The buckling bark down low and different appearance up higher is kind of normal for one type of maple probably red or sugar. This is a gift not a curse. Acer saccharinum, commonly known as silver maple, creek maple, silverleaf maple, soft maple, large maple, water maple, swamp maple, or white maple, is a species of maple native to the eastern and central United States and southeastern Canada. Since it is fast growing, the wood is softer and more brittle than that of a slow-growing hardwood tree. Paint your tree's trunk from 1 inch below the soil line to at least 2 feet up the trunk. The roots are also known to invade septic fields and damage well pipes, requiring costly replacements or repair. In the meantime, the tree continues to produce new bark layers underneath and to rapidly increase in size. Silver maple, (Acer saccharinum), large, spreading tree, of the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), popular as a rapid-growing shade tree. Identifying Acer saccharinum by leaf, bark, flowers, samaras and shape. The silver maple is also known as Acer saccharinum, soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. Its natural habitat is along stream banks, floodplains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. Images of a silver maple tree. When mature, they separate and whirl down from the tree on a single "wing.". Why is the Bark Coming Off My Japanese Lace Leaf Maple Tree? A yard tree could have been something not found in the local forest but purchased. Valsa canker This disease of maple trunks will normally affect only young trees or small branches. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. That expansion forces the outer bark, now hard and inflexible, to develop furrows and ridges. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. Also, I was told to give the tree a granular insecticide, but not until the fall....Help!!! This article will examine the pros and cons of silver maples and the extensive care they require. The undersides of the leaves are much lighter than the tops and can shimmer like silver when wind ruffles the leaves, giving Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) its common name. The cankers of this fungus will look like small shallow depressions on the bark with warts in the center of ea… If it’s an ash, maple (other than silver, of course! The bark is smooth, light gray on young trees; it eventually separates into irregular rows of long, scaly, ashy colored plates on older trees. The bark is smooth on the branches and younger trees. Winter freezing and thawing caused the trunk to split on this maple. Plant these small trees where you can admire the spectacular patterned bark.
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